Portuguese make up 10 million of the population in Portugal; the Portuguese speaking people derived the language from Vulgar Latin. The larger population among the Portuguese are Roman Catholics. The Portuguese value the family as the foundation of social structure. Relationships go beyond one specific family to the extended family. The family is the basis of the social network and offers assistance in time of need. The Portuguese people are loyal to their families than any other thing. The Portuguese culture encourages nepotism; they value it as a positive character trait of a person who values the people who are close to them.
The Portuguese people are traditional and conservative in their practices. Formal language is used by the Portuguese at all times, even during social interactions. They are polite and will address an individual according to his status and respect every individual in society. Social appearance matter in Portuguese culture; they believe that the clothes display the character and the social status of an individual. The people are fashion conscious, and the way they take pride in the standard and quality of fabrics they wear portrays.
Hierarchy in Portuguese culture matters. Stratification is done in the society and businesses, the structure is vertical in that the rich are at the top of the ladder, and the poor occupy the bottom level with minimum resources and power. The hierarchical structure in the culture aligns to the doctrines of the Catholic Church and the rules in the family. The decision making in society is dedicated to those who occupy the high hierarchy. Those who are senior in ranks expect respect by the subordinates.
The Portuguese culture uses authoritarian leadership and problem-solving, whereby those who are in low ranks have nothing to say once the top ranking individuals have made decisions.
Greetings in the Portuguese culture use the handshake accompanied with direct eye contact to the individual then the appropriate greetings according to the time of the day. Individuals who have close relationships may use hugs for men and kisses on the cheeks for the women.
The titles used in addressing individuals in Portuguese culture is “senhor” and “Senhora” followed by the surname of the individual. Titles are valued when addressing individuals in Portuguese culture.
Festivals and holidays in the Portuguese culture are centered on food and are celebrated in various days of the year. The festivals include the festival of bread, olive oil, garlic, cheese, and wine. The festivals are normally accompanied by cultural songs and dances. The holiday’s which celebrated mark political events are and others are those of celebrating virgin Marry who was the mother of Jesus. Most religious events are celebrated in the Portuguese culture since they are Roman Catholics.
Art is celebrated in Portuguese culture; it is evident by the high number of museums in cities such as Lisbon and Braga. Every village and locality has a place specifically set aside for art exhibition. Portuguese people value lyrics and human than drama, hence the minimum number of theatres in the locality – read this article is portuguese considered latin.